Mkwawa was the chief of Uhehe who won fame by defeating Germans at Lugalo on the 17th of August 1891 and maintaining their resistance for seven years until he shot himself to death. Mkwawa is derived from Mukwava short form of Mukwavinyika, meaning the conqueror of many lands. He was born at Luhota in Iringa Tanzania in 1855.

Uhehe occupies the Iringa region of southern Tanzania in East Africa, its citizens (Hehe) are Bantu speaking people.